The concept of Circular Economy (CE) is a new approach to economic systems aimed at reducing the number of materials needed and waste created by businesses’ products, services and operations.
Ambitious sustainability commitments are being solidified by the EU’s Green Deal, and the new Circular Economy Action Plan. They are dedicated to transitioning away from the current linear economic model and reflect overarching policy ambitions across European governments. Among the European Commission’s (EC) series of ambitious goals:
• Sustainable Product Initiative (SPI) ensures the integration of reusability, durability, recyclability and ‘right to repair’ standards to improve the ecological footprint of a broad range of products.
• Revised Waste Framework Directive sets new targets such as achieving a 75% recycling rate for packaging and capping municipal waste sent to landfill at 10% by 2030.
This report from Sofies Group maps and assesses CE policies at the EU level and at national governmental level in France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK. These are referred to as ‘key countries’ and were selected for this analysis due to their ambitious CE related policy initiatives (not to imply other states beyond this scope do not hold relevant policy developments).